Virginia Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
John H. Long, Editor; Peggy Tuck Sinko, Historical Compiler; Gordon DenBoer, Historical Compiler; Laura Rico-Beck, GIS Specialist and Digital Compiler; Peter Siczewicz, ArcIMS Interactive Map Designer; Emily Kelley, Research Associate; Robert Will, Cartographic Assistant
Copyright The Newberry Library 2003
Abernethy, Thomas Perkins. Western Lands and the American Revolution. New York: Russell and Russell, 1959.
Aler, F. Vernon. Aler's History of Martinsburg and Berkeley County, West Virginia. Hagerstown, Md., 1888.
Bailey, Minter. Untitled map of Lewis County, West Virginia, c. 1850. MS. Virginia State Library, Richmond.
Bain, Chester W. Annexation in Virginia: The Use of the Judicial Process for Readjusting City-County Boundaries. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1966.
Bain, Chester W. "A Body Incorporate": The Evolution of City-County Separation in Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1967.
Beers, D. G., and J. Lanagan. Atlas of Jefferson and Oldham Counties, Kentucky. 1879. Reprint, Louisville: Historic Reprints, 1968.
Biggs, Thomas H. Geographic and Cultural Names in Virginia. Virginia Department of Conservation and Economic Development, Division of Mineral Resources, Information Circular no. 20. Charlottesville, 1974.
Billings, Warren M., ed. "Some Acts Not in Hening's Statutes: The Acts of Assembly, April 1652, November 1652, and July 1653." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 83 (1975): 22–76.
Boye, Herman. Map of the State of Virginia Constructed in Conformity to Law, from the Late Surveys Authorized by the Legislature, and Other Original and Authentic Documents. Engraved by H. S. Tanner. Philadelphia, 1826.
Bozman, John Leeds. History of Maryland, from Its First Settlement in 1633 to the Restoration in 1660, with a Copious Introduction, and Notes and Illustrations. 2 vols. Baltimore, 1837.
Brown, Alexander Crosby, ed. Newport News' 325 Years: A Record of the Progress of a Virginia Community. Newport News: Newport News Golden Anniversary Corp., 1946.
Brown, William Griffee. History of Nicholas County, West Virginia. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1954.
Bryan, Wilhelmus Bogart. History of the National Capital from Its Foundation through the Period of the Adoption of the Organic Act. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1914–1916.
Callahan, James Morton. History of West Virginia, Old and New. 2 vols. Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1923.
Cappon, Lester J. Bibliography of Virginia History Since 1865. University of Virginia, Institute for Research in the Social Sciences, Monograph no. 5. Charlottesville, 1930.
Cappon, Lester J., Barbara Bartz Petchenik, and John Hamilton Long, eds. Atlas of Early American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760–1790. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1976. Section on boundaries is thoroughly documented.
Cartmell, T. K. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia, from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908. Winchester, Va.: Eddy Press Corp., 1909.
Clark, Thomas D. Historic Maps of Kentucky. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1979. A collection of ten historical maps, useful principally for locating place names and geographical features.
Cocke, Charles Francis. Parish Lines: Diocese of Southern Virginia. Virginia State Library Publications, no. 22. Richmond, 1964.
Cocke, Charles Francis. Parish Lines: Diocese of Southwestern Virginia. Virginia State Library Publications, no. 14. Richmond, 1960.
Cocke, Charles Francis. Parish Lines: Diocese of Virginia. Virginia State Library Publications, no. 28. Richmond, 1967.
Commission on Local Government, 7 October 2003, http://www.clg.state.va.us. The Virginia Commission on Local Government is a division of the Department of Housing and Community Development. The Web site contains varied information on counties and independent cities.
Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789–1899. Edited by James D. Richardson. 10 vols. 53d Congress, 2d sess., 1893–1894. House Misc. Document 210, in 10 pts. Reprint, New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1968.
Core, Earl L. Monongalia Story: A Bicentennial History. 5 vols. Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Co., 1974–1984.
Crumrine, Boyd. "Boundary Controversy between Pennsylvania and Virginia; 1748–1785." Annals of the Carnegie Museum 1 (1902): 505–524.
Davis, Charley L. Giles [County] 1806 [map]. N.p., 1980.
Deal, Newton H., comp. Mountains of Virginia. Virginia Place Name Society, Occasional Papers, no. 10. Charlottesville: University of Virginia, 1964.
DenBoer, Gordon. Kentucky. Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, ed. John H. Long. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1995.
De Vorsey, Louis, Jr. "Virginia-Cherokee Boundary of 1771: An Example of the Importance of Maps in the Interpretation of History." East Tennessee Historical Society, Publications 33 (1961): 17–31.
Dodson, E. Griffith, comp. Cities of the Commonwealth of Virginia As of December, 1946. Richmond: League of Virginia Municipalities, Virginia State Library, 1947. This publication has no page numbers; citations refer to names of individual cities.
Doran, Michael F. Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia, 1634–1895. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Co., 1987. Provides a highly generalized overview of county creations, by decade.
Dubester, Henry J. State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken after the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States. 1948. Reprint, New York: Burt Franklin, 1969. The standard guide for its subject.
Eaton, David W. Historical Atlas of Westmoreland County, Virginia. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1942.
Farnham, Mary Frances, comp. Farnham Papers, 1603–1871. Vols. 7 and 8 of Documentary History of the State of Maine. Collections of the Maine Historical Society, 2d. ser. Portland, 1901–1902.
Filby, P. William, comp. Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985.
Filson, John. This Map of Kentucke, Drawn from Actual Observations, Is Inscribed with the Most Perfect Respect to the Honorable the Congress of the United States of America; and to His Excellency, George Washington, Late Commander in Chief of Their Army. Philadelphia, 1784.
Folmsbee, Stanley J., Robert E. Corlew, and Enoch L. Mitchell. Tennessee: A Short History. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1969.
Fortney, Harold Bruce. "Maryland–West Virginia, Western Boundary." West Virginia History 19 (1957–1958): 5–37, 101–127, 157–185.
Gannett, Henry. Gazetteer of Virginia and West Virginia. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin nos. 232–233. 1904. Reprint, 2 vols. in 1. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1975.
Giles County Historical Society. Giles County, Virginia: History–Families. N.p.: Giles County Historical Society, 1982.
Greene, Evarts B., and Virginia D. Harrington. American Population before the Federal Census of 1790. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.
Hadfield, Kathleen Halverson, and W. Cary McConnaughey, eds. Historical Notes on Amelia County, Virginia. Amelia, Va.: Amelia County Historical Committee, 1982.
Hail, William B. "Plat of the County of Grayson." 1842. MS. Virginia State Library, Richmond.
Hale, John S. Historical Atlas of Colonial Virginia. Verona, Va.: McClure Press, 1978.
Harris, Malcolm H. History of Louisa County, Virginia. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1936.
Heinemann, Charles Brunk, and Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh. "First Census" of Kentucky, 1790. This is Not Offered as a State or Federal Enumeration of Inhabitants. It is a Privately Compiled List of Tax Payers Appearing in the Tax Lists of All Kentucky Counties Which Were Established at the Time of the First Federal Census. Washington, D.C.: G. M. Brumbaugh, 1940.
Hening, William Waller, ed. Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, From the First Session of the Legislature, In the Year 1619 [to 1792]. 13 vols. Richmond, 1819–1823.
Hiden, Martha W. How Justice Grew: Virginia Counties, An Abstract of Their Formation. Jamestown 350th Anniversary Historical Booklet no. 19. Williamsburg: Virginia 350th Anniversary Celebration Corp., 1957.
Hildebrand, J. R. Historical Map of Montgomery County, Virginia. Roanoke, Va.: Roanoke Historical Society, 1970.
Historical Records Survey, West Virginia. West Virginia County Formations and Boundary Changes. Charleston, W.Va.: West Virginia Historical Records Survey, 1938.
Hornbook of Virginia History. Virginia State Library Publications, no. 25. Rev. ed. Richmond, 1965.
Hotchkiss, Jedediah, and Joseph A. Waddell. Historical Atlas of Augusta County, Virginia. 1885. Reprint, Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1980.
Kane, Joseph Nathan. American Counties: Origins of Names, Dates of Creation and Organization, Area, Population, Historical Data, and Published Sources. 3d ed. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1972.
Kegley, F. B. Kegley's Virginia Frontier: The Beginning of the Southwest; The Roanoke of Colonial Days, 1740–1783. Roanoke, Va.: Southwest Virginia Historical Society, 1938.
Kenny, Hamill. West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, W.Va.: Place Name Press, 1945.
Kukla, Jon, ed. "Some Acts Not in Hening's Statutes: The Acts of Assembly, October 1660." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 83 (1975): 77–97.
MacDonald, Grace E., comp. Check-List of Session Laws. New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1936. Complemented by Pollack (below), this guide lists all state session laws through 1935.
MacDonald, Grace E., comp. Check-List of Statutes of States of the United States of America, Including Revisions, Compilations, Digests, Codes and Indexes. Providence: Oxford Press, 1937. The most complete guide to state codes through 1937.
McJimsey, George Davis. Topographic Terms in Virginia. American Speech, Reprints and Monographs, no. 3. New York: Columbia University Press, 1940.
Mansfield, James Roger. History of Early Spotsylvania. Berryville, Va.: Virginia Book Company, 1977.
Maryland. Archives of Maryland. 72 vols. Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1883–1972. Published sources from the state archives. Cited as Arch. of Md.
Maxwell, Hu, and H. L. Swisher. History of Hampshire County, West Virginia, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present. 1897. Reprint, Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Co., 1972.
Middleton, Norwood C. Salem: A Virginia Chronicle. Salem, Va.: Salem Historical Society, 1986.
Monongalia Historical Society. 175th Anniversary of the Formation of Monongalia County, West Virginia, and Other Relative Historical Data. Morgantown, W.Va.: Monongalia Historical Society, 1954.
Moore, John Hammond. Albemarle: Jefferson's County, 1727–1976. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976.
Morton, Oren F. Centennial History of Alleghany County, Virginia. Dayton, Va.: J. K. Ruebush Co., 1923.
Morton, Oren F. History of Monroe County, West Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1916.
Morton, Richard L. Colonial Virginia. 2 vols. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1960.
Neale, Gay. Brunswick County, Virginia, 1720–1975. N.p.: Brunswick County Bicentennial Committee, 1975.
North Carolina. State Records of North Carolina. Vols. 1–10, Colonial Records, edited by William L. Saunders; vols. 11–26, State Records, edited by Walter Clark. Goldsboro and Raleigh, 1886–1907. Cited as N.C. State Recs.
Oldmixon, John. British Empire in America, Containing the History of the Discovery, Settlement, Progress and State of the British Colonies on the Continent and Islands of America. 2nd ed. 2 vols. London, 1741.
Parry, Clive, ed. Consolidated Treaty Series. 231 vols. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1969–1981.
Paullin, Charles O. Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States. Edited by John K. Wright. Washington, D.C., and New York: Carnegie Institution of Washington and American Geographical Society of New York, 1932. Excellent section on international and interstate boundary disputes.
Pawlett, Nathaniel Mason. Goochland County Road Orders, 1728–1744. Charlottesville: Virginia Highway and Transportation Research Council, 1975.
Pendleton, William C. History of Tazewell County and Southwest Virginia, 1748–1920. Richmond: W.C. Hill Printing Co., 1920.
Peters, J. T., and H. B. Carden. History of Fayette County, West Virginia. Fayetteville, W.Va.: Fayette County Historical Society, 1926.
Pollack, Ervin H., comp. Supplement with Bibliographical Notes, Emendations, and Additions to the Check List of Session Laws, Compiled by Grace E. MacDonald. Preliminary ed. Boston: National Association of State Libraries, 1941. Fills gaps in MacDonald's 1936 compilation (above) to produce the most complete list of state session laws through 1935.
Rice, Otis K. Allegheny Frontier: West Virginia Beginnings, 1730–1830. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970.
Robinson, Morgan Poitiaux. Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Legislation. Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, vol. 9. Richmond: Superintendent of Public Printing, 1916. An excellent summary of county creations and source for dates of passage of laws approved before 1787.
Rone, Wendell H., Sr. Historical Atlas of Kentucky and Her Counties. Mayfield, Ky.: Mayfield Printing Co., 1965.
Royce, Charles C., comp. "Indian Land Cessions in the United States." Part 2 of Eighteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1896–1897. Washington, D.C., 1899. The standard authority in its field; state maps detail all Indian land-cession treaties with the federal government.
Sames, James W., III, comp. Four Steps West: A Documentary Concerning the First Dividing Line in America, and Its Three Extensions, between Virginia and North Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee. Versailles, Ky.: N.p., 1971.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. Archives of the Pioneers of Tazewell County, Virginia. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1973.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. 1800 Tax Lists and Abstracts of Deeds [1796–1800] of Wythe County, Virginia. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. 1815 Tax List of Cabell County, Virginia. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. 1815 Tax List of Giles County, Virginia. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. 1815 Tax List of Tazewell County, Virginia. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. Montgomery County, Virginia–Circa 1790. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1972.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, ed. Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for Which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Netti Schreiner-Yantis, 1971. The volume includes sketch maps depicting the boundaries of eighteen selected counties in 1810.
Schreiner-Yantis, Netti, and Florene Speakman Love, comps. 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable over 21 Years; the Number of White Males between 16 and 21 Years; the Number of Slaves over 16 and Those under 16 Years; Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle and Carriages; and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987.
Shepherd, Samuel, ed. Statutes at Large of Virginia, from October Session 1792, to December Session 1806, Inclusive, in Three Volumes, (New Series,) Being a Continuation of Hening. 3 vols. Richmond, 1835–1836.
Sims, Edgar Barr. Making a State: Formation of West Virginia, Including Maps, Illustrations, Plats, Grants and the Acts of the Virginia Assembly and the Legislature of West Virginia Creating the Counties. Charleston, W.Va.: State of West Virginia, 1956. The maps depicting county boundary changes have been separately published (with slight alterations) by Mathews Printing and Lithographing Co., Charleston, 1954, and by the West Virginia Department of Archives and History, Charleston, 1975.
Sinko, Peggy Tuck. Guide to Local and Family History at the Newberry Library. Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1987.
Sosin, Jack M. Whitehall and the Wilderness: The Middle West in British Colonial Policy, 1760–1775. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1961.
Stephenson, Richard W., comp. Cartography of Northern Virginia: Facsimile Reproductions of Maps Dating from 1608 to 1915. History and Archaeology Section, Fairfax County Office of Comprehensive Planning, 1981.
Stephenson, Richard W., comp. Land Ownership Maps: A Checklist of Nineteenth Century United States County Maps in the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1967. Most of the maps listed here have been reproduced on microfiche by the Library of Congress.
Swem, Earl G., comp. Maps Relating to Virginia in the Virginia State Library and Other Departments of the Commonwealth with the 17th and 18th Century Atlas-Maps in the Library of Congress. Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, vol. 7. Richmond: Superintendent of Public Printing, 1914.
Swem, Earl G., comp. Virginia Historical Index. 2 vols. Roanoke, Va.: Stone Printing and Manufacturing Co., 1934–1936.
Swindler, William F., ed. Sources and Documents of United States Constitutions. 10 vols. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1973–1979. The most complete and up-to-date compilation for the states.
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck, ed. Settling of North America: The Atlas of the Great Migrations into North America from the Ice Age to the Present. New York: Macmillan, 1995.
Thorndale, William, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1987. An atlas of well-designed county outline maps for each state, accompanied by a bibliography and an explanation of methodology.
Toulmin, Harry, ed. A Collection of All the Public and Permanent Acts of the General Assembly of Kentucky Which Are Now in Force, Arranged and Digested According to Their Subjects; Together with Acts of Virginia Relating to Land Titles, the Recovery of Rents, and the Encouragement of Learning, Never Before Printed in This State; to Which are Prefixed a Table Explanatory of Technical Terms and a Summary of Criminal Law. Frankfort, Ky., 1802.
Tyler, Lyon Gardiner. Cradle of the Republic: Jamestown and James River. 2d ed. Richmond: Hermitage Press, 1906.
United States. Statutes at Large of the United States of America, 1789–1873. 17 vols. Boston: Little, Brown, 1845–1874. Cited as U.S. Stat.
U.S. Census Bureau, “Geographic Change Notes: Virginia,” 10 June 2003, http://eire.census.gov/popest/geonotes/51.php.
U.S. Census Bureau, “Significant Changes to Counties and County Equivalent Entities: 1970–Present,” 4 August 2003, http://www.gov/geo/www/tiger/ctychng.html. Significant change is defined as “affecting at least an estimated population of 200 plus with additional changes of at least one square mile where no estimated population was provided and research indicated that the affected population may have been 200 people or more or ‘large’ annexations of unpopulated territory (10 square miles or more).”
United States Geological Survey. State of Virginia, Base Map, Scale 1:1,000,000. Reston, Va.: U.S.G.S., 1973.
United States Geological Survey. State of West Virginia, Base Map, Scale 1:1,000,000. Washington, D.C.: U.S.G.S., 1966.
United States Supreme Court. United States Reports. Washington, D.C., 1790– . Vols. 68–90 compiled by John W. Wallace. Volumes identified by number in the overall series and number in the compiler's series. Cited as U.S. Rpts.
Van Zandt, Franklin K. Boundaries of the United States and the Several States. Geological Survey Professional Paper 909. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1976. The standard compilation for its subject.
Virginia. Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Richmond, 1808– . Cited as Va. Acts.
Virginia. Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia. Vols. 1–4 edited by H. R. McIlwaine; vol. 5 edited by Wilmer L. Hall; vol. 6 edited by Benjamin J. Hillman. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1925–1966. Cited as Va. Exec. Jour.
Virginia. Legislative Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia. Edited by H. R. McIlwaine. 3 vols. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1918–1919.
Virginia. Secretary of the Commonwealth. 1997–98 Report of the Secretary of the Commonwealth to the Governor and General Assembly of Virginia. Edited by Carrie Suzanne Cantrell. Richmond, 1997. A guide to state government. Cited as Va. Sec. Rpt.
Virginia Convention, Wheeling. Ordinances and Acts of the Restored Government of Virginia Prior to the Formation of the State of West Virginia; With the Constitution and Laws of the State of West Virginia, to March 2d, 1866. Wheeling, 1866.
Virginia Convention, Wheeling. Ordinances of the Convention, Assembled at Wheeling, on the 11th of June, 1861. Wheeling, 1861.
Virginia Department of Conservation and Economic Development. Index of the Surface Waters of Virginia. Virginia Place Name Society, Occasional Papers, no. 6. 1962. Reprint, Richmond, 1971.
Virginia Department of Transportation. County Road Map Atlas. Richmond, 1987.
Virginia Genealogist. Vols. 1– . 1957– . Beginning in volume 1, the Virginia Genealogist began publishing the 1800 tax lists alphabetically by county.
Virginia Places, 25 September 2003, http://www.virginiaplaces.org. This Web site was developed by Charles A. Grymes of George Mason University for an internet-based class on the Geography of Virginia. It contains useful information on counties and independent cities, plus many helpful links.
Waddell, Joseph A. Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, from 1726 to 1871. 2d ed. Staunton, Va.: C. Russell Caldwell, 1902.
Warner, Thomas Hoskins. History of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia, 1656–1692. Tappahannock, Va.: Pauline Pearce Warner, 1965.
Wells, Robert V. Population of the British Colonies in America before 1776: A Survey of Census Data. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.
West Virginia. Acts of the Legislature of West Virginia. Wheeling and Charleston, 1863– . Cited as W.Va. Acts.
Williams, John Alexander. West Virginia: A Bicentennial History. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1976.
Williams, Samuel Cole. Tennessee during the Revolutionary War. Nashville: Tennessee Historical Commission, 1944.
Winfree, Waverly K., comp. Laws of Virginia, Being a Supplement to Hening's The Statutes at Large, 1700–1750. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1971.
Wingfield, Marshall. History of Caroline County, Virginia, from Its Formation in 1727 to 1924. Richmond: Trevvet Christian and Co., 1924.
Wood, John. Botetourt County. Surveyed and Drawn Under the Direction of John Wood 1821 [map]. Copied by J. R. Hildebrand. In Seed-Bed of the Republic: A Study of the Pioneers in the Upper (Southern) Valley of Virginia, by Robert Douthat Stoner, facing p. 508. Roanoke, Va.: Roanoke Historical Society, 1962.